2023, Volume 20, Issue 3

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Irina I. Rusinova
Perm State National Research University
Perm, Russia

Alexander V. Chernykh
Perm Federal Research Center
of the Ural Branch of the RAS
Perm, Russia

Materials for a Dictionary of Collective Nicknames of the Perm Region Residents

Voprosy onomastiki, 2023, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp. 241–268 (in Russian)
DOI: 10.15826/vopr_onom.2023.20.3.040

Received on 5 September 2022
Accepted on 1 September 2023

Abstract: The paper provides the outcomes of the authors’ ongoing research on Russian collective nicknames of the Perm region. It significantly complements the previously published part, dealing with the features of usage, semantics, and historical significance of local collective nicknames as evidence of the settlement of the Perm region by Russians. This paper approaches the material from lexicographical perspective, which, in combination with the first part, delivers the most complete picture to date of the nature of collective nicknames in the region. The studied units are retrieved from several sources: materials of field trips led by the authors and other Perm researchers since the 1990s; dictionaries of Russian dialects of the Perm region and card indexes of dictionaries; “Dictionary of Russian Folk Dialects”, a number of onomastic dictionaries, modern ethnographic, folklore and ethnolinguistic collections on the traditional culture of the Russian population of the Perm region; works on local ethnography and folklore published in the 19th — first half of the 20th century. Dictionary entries are arranged in alphabetical order. The article examines collective nicknames as such (their phonetic and word-formation variants, if any); their interpretation (which territorial group of people they refer to); geographical label (the place where the name was recorded); usage contexts and explanations for the nickname if available. The nicknames used for residents of different settlements, villages, and regions are considered as polysemantic words with different meanings. If a collective nickname includes a qualifying toponymic epithet, it is enclosed in parentheses. In cases where a settlement appeared near a factory, the factory name is specified along with the modern oikonym.

Keywords: Russian language; Russian dialects of the Perm region; anthroponymy; collective nicknames; local identity; regional onomastic lexicography; ethnic history


The study was funded by the Russian Science Foundation (grant 19-18-00117 Traditional Russian Culture in the Areas of Active Interethnic Contacts between the Urals and the Volga Region).


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Rusinova, I. I., & Chernykh, A. V. (2023). Kollektivnye prozvishcha zhitelei Permskogo kraia [Collective Nicknames of the Perm Region Residents]. Voprosy onomastiki, 20(1), 56–79. https://doi.org/10.15826/vopr_onom.2023.20.1.004

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